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Causes of Population Growth

The current rate of population growth is now a significant burden to human well-being. Understanding the factors which affect population growth patterns can help us plan for the future. You can learn more about the causes of human population growth via

human population growth

Causes of Overpopulation:

  • The decline in the Death Rate:

The fall in death rates, that is the decline in mortality rate is one fundamental causes of overpopulation. Owing to the advancements in medicine, man has found cures to the previously fatal diseases. The new inventions in medicine have brought in treatments for most of the dreadful diseases. This has resulted in an increase in the life expectancy of individuals. Mortality rate has declined to lead to an increase in population.

  • The rise in the Birth Rate:

Medicines of today can boost the reproductive rate in human beings. There are medicines and treatments, which can help in conception. Thus, science has led to an increase in the birth rate. This is certainly a reason to be proud and happy but advances in medicine have also become a cause of overpopulation.

  • Migration:

Immigration is a problem in some parts of the world. If the inhabitants of various countries migrate to a particular part of the world and settle over there, the area is bound to suffer from the ill effects of overpopulation. If the rates of emigration from a certain nation do not match the rates of immigration to that country, overpopulation makes its way. The country becomes overly populated. The crowding of immigrants in certain parts of the world results in an imbalance in the density of the population.

They are unaware of the ways to control the population. Lack of family planning is commonly seen in the illiterate lot of the world. This is one of the major factors leading to overpopulation. Due to ignorance, they do not take family planning measures, thus contributing to a rise in population.